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Abdul Rahman Putra, Tunku locked

Prince ())

CH 1961; Hon. AC 1987

Born 8 Feb. 1903; s of Abdul Halim Shah, 24th Sultan of Kedah; m 3rd, 1939, Puan Sharifah Rodziah binti Syed Alwi Barakbah; one s one d (both by 1st wife); one s three d (all adopted); died 6 Dec. 1990

Order of the National Crown, Malaysia; Kedah Order of Merit; Secretary General, Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, 1969–73; Prime Minister of Malaysia, 1963–70; Chairman, Star Publications, Penang

Education

Alor Star; Bangkok; St Catharine’s Coll., Cambridge (Research Fellow, 1980); Inner Temple, London (Hon. Master, 1971)

Career

Joined Kedah State Civil Service, 1931, District Officer. During the occupation, when the Japanese returned Kedah to Siam, he served as Supt of Educn and Dir of Passive Defence until the reoccupation, Sept. 1945; opposed British Govt fusion of States and Colonies to form the Malayan Union and took a leading part in formation of United Malays National Organisation (UMNO); when the Malayan Union gave way to the Federation of Malaya in 1949, he became Chairman of UMNO in Kedah; after being called to Bar (Inner Temple), he returned to Kedah and was seconded to Federal Legal Dept as a Dep. Public Prosecutor, 1949; President of UMNO, 1951; resigned from CS and a year later was apptd an unofficial Mem. Federal Executive and Legislative Councils; leader of the Alliance Party (UMNO, Malayan Chinese Association, Malayan Indian Congress), 1954; Mem., Federal Legislative Council, 1955–73; became Chief Minister and Minister of Home Affairs; in reshuffle of 1956 also took portfolio of Minister for Internal Defence and Security; was also Chm. Emergency Ops Council which decides on policy in fighting Malayan Communist Party; headed Alliance deleg. to London to negotiate Independence for the Federation, Dec. 1955; after Independence on 31 Aug. 1957, became Prime Minister and Minister of External Affairs and continued to be Chm. Emergency Ops Council; resigned as Prime Minister in Feb. 1959 to prepare for general elections in Aug.; became Prime Minister for second time, Aug. 1959, and in Sept. initiated Min. of Rural Development; became also Minister of Ext. Affairs, Nov. 1960, and Minister of Information and Broadcasting, June 1961; Prime Minister, Federation of Malaya, until it became Malaysia, 1963; became Prime Minister for third time, April 1964, following Gen. Elections in States of Malaya, also Minister of External Affairs and Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports. Attended Prime Ministers’ Conferences in London, May 1960 and March 1961; Head of mission to London to discuss and agree in principle proposed formation of Federation of Malaysia, Nov. 1961; Head of second mission to London on formation of Malaysia, July 1962; attended Prime Ministers’ Confs, London, 1965, 1966. Apptd Chancellor, Univ. Malaya, 1962. Pres., Football Assoc. of Malaya; Pres., Asian Football Confedn; Vice-Pres. (for life), Royal Commonwealth Society. Dr of Law, Univ. of Malaya; Hon. LLD: Araneta Univ., 1958; Cambridge Univ., 1960; Univ. of Sydney, 1960; Univ. of Saigon, 1961; Aligarh Muslim Univ., 1962; Univ. Sains, Malaysia, 1975; Hon. DLitt, Seoul National Univ., 1965; Hon. DCL Oxford, 1970. Holds various foreign orders

Publications

Mahsuri (imaginary play of Malaya; performed on stage in North Malaya throughout 1941; filmed in Malaya, 1958); Raja Bersiong (filmed 1966); May 13—Before and After, 1969; Looking Back, 1977; Viewpoints, 1978; As a Matter of Interest, 1981; Lest We Forget, 1983; Something to Remember, 1983; The Road to Independence, 1984; Political Awakening, 1986; relevant publications: Prince and Premier (Biography) by Harry Miller, 1959; Pictorial Biography of Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra by Tan Sri Dato Dr Mubin Sheppard, Vol. 1 (1903–1957), 1984, Vol. 2 (1957–1987), 1987

Recreations

Golf, football, tennis, walking, swimming, racing, motor-boating, photography (both cine and still); collector of ancient weapons, particularly the Malay kris

Addresses

1 Jalan Tunku, 50480 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

16 Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman, 10350 Pulau Pinang, Malaysia