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date: 13 November 2019

Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahlafree

Hon. OM 1995

Born 1918; s of Chief of Tembu tribe; m Winnie Mandela (marr. diss. 1996); two d; m 1998, Graça (Hon. DBE 2007), widow of Samora Machel

President of South Africa, 1994–99; President, African National Congress, 1991–97 (Deputy President, 1990–91)


Univ. Coll., Fort Hare; Univ. of Witwatersrand


Legal practice, Johannesburg, 1952. On trial for treason, 1956–61 (acquitted); sentenced to five years’ imprisonment, 1962; tried for further charges, 1963–64, and sentenced to life imprisonment; released, 1990. Holds hon. degrees from Oxford, Cambridge and other UK univs. Hon. QC 2000. Jawaharlal Nehru Award, India, 1979; Simon Bolivar Prize, UNESCO, 1983; Sakharov Prize, 1988; (with F. W. De Klerk) Nobel Peace Prize, 1993


No Easy Walk to Freedom, 1965; Long Walk to Freedom, 1994; Conversations with Myself, 2010


c/o President’s Office, Private Bag X 1000, Cape Town 8000, South Africa